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    Fact Sheet & Tools

    10 Things A School Can Do To Improve Attendance - Contains a list of 10 actions, along with a short description of what can be done by school administrators and teachers to improve student attendance.

    21 Ways to Engage Students in School - This article highlights the results of the NCSE contest on school engagement. Featured are practical strategies and activities. Best practices on implementation are also included.

    Alternatives to Juvenile Detention - This document provides a list of ideas for judges and those who run truancy reduction programs to use in motivating young people to improve their school attendance. The goal is to encourage the formation of effective supports so that the drastic measure of sentencing a young person to juvenile detention can be avoided.

    Best Practices In Developing Truancy Reduction Programs - Provides information on the five primary elements of a comprehensive community and educational strategy to combat truancy, as identified by the National School Safety Center.

    Bibliography/Literature Review: Working with Asian and Pacific Islander Youth - A literature review of writings in regard to working with Asian and Pacific Islander Youth.

    Bibliography/Literature Review: Working with Latino Youth - A literature review of writings in regard to working with Latino Youth.

    Bibliography/Literature Review: Working with Multicultural Youth - A literature review of writings in regard to working with Multicultural Youth.

    Developing a Report Card for Triple A Schools - Outlines the development of a report card to rate school engagement. Features research on school engagement and provides a summary of indicators identified at a community forum held in Colorado in September 2006.

    Developing an Effective Media Campaign Strategy - This document offers a basic description of media campaigns. It also provides a look at (through an interview) a successful media campaign currently in progress.

    Effective Marketing Through Truancy Reduction Posters - This document highlights the truancy prevention poster contest hosted by NCSE in April, 2006. It also focuses attention on areas and challenges to be aware of when taking on an awareness campaign.

    Family Wise Focus Group Executive Summary - Executive summary of the final report on 35 focus groups on family well-being that were conducted in 2002 by the Colorado Foundation for Families and Children. Charts and graphs outline themes that emerged from focus group responses. Also includes extensive demographic information.

    Forming Truancy Coalitions: A Case Study of Jacksonville United Against Truancy - This is a brief guide on how to form a truancy coalition. Section headings are (1)Why form a truancy coalition; (2)Tips for forming a coalition; (3)Maintaining impetus; (4)The Jacksonville case; and (5)Further resources.

    Guidelines for a National Definition of Truancy and Calculating Rates - This document presents ideas including (1) Considerations in defining truancy; (2) A sample definition; (3) Components of a truancy definition; The Federal requirements for truancy reporting; (4) Other ways to calculate rates.

    How Can A School Achieve High Levels of Parental and Community involvement? - Contains 11 keys to success compiled and written by the National Coalition for Parent Involvement in Education (NCPIE). They are based on information from actual school programs.

    How to Evaluate Your Truancy Reduction Program - This is a guide to evaluation. It's a "how to" document.

    Joint Efforts to Improve School Attendance - Lists the various methods of joint collaboration involving: (1) The state level, (2) Law enforcement, (3) Juvenile courts and (4) The Department of Juvenile Justice.

    Joyce L. Epstein's Framework of Six Types of Parent Involvement - Contains extensive description of Joyce Epstein's Framework of six types of parental involvement, and features sample practices, challenges, redefinitions, and expected results.

    Logic Model of Evaluation of the Truancy Reduction Program - Describes and charts in a PowerPoint presentation the four key elements used in the model which are: (1) Needs and capacities, (2) Strategies and activities, (3) Milestones or benchmarks and (4) Goals or results.

    Model Truancy Prevention Programs - Provides information on the five critical elements of effective prevention programs, along with nine examples of programs around the U.S.

    Office of Juvenile Justice Truancy Reduction Demonstration Programs - This document describes the Truancy Reduction Initiative Funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention from 1999 to the present. It highlights the seven programs funded across the United States.

    Parental Involvement: Key To Student Achievement - Discusses the four common barriers associated with increasing involvement of parents and families in schools and community programs. Also discusses Joyce Epstein's Framework of six types of involvement.

    Policy and Practice Assessment Sample - A sample of questions asked on the Policy and Practice Assessment tool which is designed to help school teams assess the extent to which school level practice is aligned with policy set by the school district, school administration or classroom teachers.

    School Attendance Tracking: Challenges and Effective Practices - Document describes the current difficulties in tracking attendance and how to improve the process.

    School Policies that Engage Students and Families - This document describes a variety of school and state policies that engage students and families.

    Strengthening Parent Involvement: A Toolkit - This toolkit is the result of the committees that were formed in Colorado to assist districts and schools in the implementation of No Child Left Behind, including the parent involvement requirements of the law.

    Truancy Case Management Handbook: Advice from the Field - The Case Management Handbook is a compilation of advice from truancy case managers about how to work with children and families most effectely to improve school attendance.

    Truancy Fact Sheet - Gives basic definitions, discusses the extent of truancy as a problem, truancy as a risk factor, court and community responses, factors contributing to truancy, and components of effective truancy reduction programs.

    Truancy Prevention Contest Award Announcement - This announcement includes the results of the National Truancy Prevention contest hosted by NCSE in April 2006. The purpose of the contest was to identify materials being used to promote the importance of school attendance.

    Web Based Professional Development - Chapter 1: 2006-07 Final Report for Columbine Elementary, Fort Morgan, Colorado - Final team report for the 2006-07 school year on the study of homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Web Based Professional Development - Chapter 2: 2006-07 Final Report for Molholm Elementary, Lakewood, Colorado - Final team report for the 2006-07 school year on the study of homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Web Based Professional Development - Chapter 3: 2006-07 Final Report for Stevens Elementary, Wheat Ridge, Colorado - Final team report for the 2006-07 school year on the study of homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Web Based Professional Development - Chapter 4: 2006-07 Final Report for Edmonds Elementary, Forest Park, Georgia - Final team report for the 2006-07 school year on the study of homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Web Based Professional Development - Chapter 5: 2006-07 Final Report for Ashley Park University Learning Center, Charlotte, North Carolina - Final team report for the 2006-07 school year on the study of homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Web Based Professional Development - Chapter 6: Conway Middle School, Conway, North Carolina - Final team report for the 2006-07 school year on the study of homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Web Based Professional Development - Chapter 7: 2006-07 Final Report for Hodge Road Elementary School, Knightdale, North Carolina - Final team report for the 2006-07 school year on the study of homeless and highly mobile youth

    Web Based Professional Development - Chapter 8: 2006-07 Final Report for the Sumner School District, Sumner, Washington - Final team report for the 2006-07 school on the study of homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Web Based Professional Development - Chapter 9: 2006-07 Final Report for Ralph Waldo Emerson Elementary School, Madison, Wisconsin - Final team report from the 2006-07 school year on the study of homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Web Based Professional Development - Introduction, Summaries and Key Words for the 2006-07 Reports - Contains an introduction along with reports summaries and key words. The reports were from the nine teams paticipating in the action research to study homeless and highly mobile youth for the 2006-07 school year.

    Web-Based Professional Development FAQ - Reponses to "frequently asked questions" about Web-Based Professional Development to study the effects of homelessness and high mobility in schools and communities.


    2004 Parental Involvement Workshop - This PowerPoint presentation was given at a parental involvement workshop held in March 2004 at the Colorado Accountability Conference.

    2005 State Truancy Conference in Seattle - This is a PowerPoint Presentation from the 2005 State Truancy Conference which was held in Seattle, WA.

    2006 NCSE Summit for Leaders in School Engagement - This presentation was given as part of the opening session of the Second Annual NCSE Summit for Leaders in School Engagement, held in Boulder, CO on September 18, 2006. It provides an overview of NCSE, summarizes lessons learned in school enegagement, and highlights the development of a student survey.

    Count Me In For Learning! - A PowerPoint presentation illustrating the "Count Me In For Learning" public education campaign for school engagement.

    Creative Options Summit Presentation - This is a PowerPoint presentation of the Denver truancy needs assessment process. It includes statistical data from Denver Public Schools, Denver Human Services and Denver Judicial. Additionally, some qualitative information is included from focus groups and interviews.

    Engaging Families in Bullying Prevention Efforts - August 9, 2007 - presentation made at The Colorado Trust's Bullying Prevention Initiative Conference. Includes: framework for family engagement, types and models and Colorado activities.

    Family and Community Engagement in Creating Positive School Climates - This presentation was made at the Blueprints pre-conference on school engagement which was held on March 17, 2008 in Denver Colorado.

    Lessons from Community Research about Homeless and Highly Mobile Students - Presentation at the 2006 Conference hosted by the National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth on Web-based Professional Development (WBPD) to study the effects of homelessness and high mobility in schools. Includes summary of results of 29 participatory action research projects.

    Lessons Learned from Four Truancy Demonstration Sites - This document provides an overview of lessons learned from truancy reductions projects in four states (California, Hawaii, New York and Washtington.

    Mending Cracks in the Pipeline Brochure - Brochure for Truancy Prevention Training.

    National Conference on School Success Proposal Submission Form - Presenter proposal form for the National Conferene on School Success

    Parent Engagement and Truancy Reduction - Jacksonville, FLA - Presentation to principals and community leaders of Duval County Public Schools in Jacksonville, FLA. Highlights research on parent involvement and truancy. Provides a snapshot look at parent engagement and explores best practices and resources

    Truancy and Dropout: Mending the Cracks in the Graduation Pipeline. - Flyer for online truancy course.

    Truancy Dropouts and Delinquency: Solutions for Policies, Practices and Partnerships - Power Point Presentation given by Dr. Ken Seeley at the Creative Options Summit held in Denver, CO on April 26, 2006.

    Truancy Matters: Research, Policies and Practices - Presentation made at CASCWA National Truancy Conference October 13, 2006 Includes summary of research, and overview of best practices. Offers policy recommendations.

    Using a Typology for Truancy Prevention - A PowerPoint presentation that discusses overall steps to success with truancy prevention.

    What Research Says About Family-School-Community Partnerships - Presentation to Colorado Adult Education Professional Association in February 2007. Includes a snapshot look at family engagement and community-school partnerships. Provides background information and outlines models for family engagement. Highlights research and gives examples of what’s occurring in Colorado.

    Program Development

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Model Programs Guide - This is a website that gives extensive information on model programs that prevent delinquency. Programs are evidence-based, and cover the entire continuum of youth services from prevention through sanctions to reentry.

    Truancy Prevention in Action: Best Practices and Model Truancy Programs - Executive Summary - This paper summarizes a larger document that discusses the importance of using programs, practices and strategies that have already been shown to be successful in reducing truancy. The components of the proven programs are also discussed.


    1999 School Attendance Initiative Evaluation - Outlines the evaluation for the Multnomah County (Oregon) School Attendance Initiative.

    2008 Adams County Student Survey County Level Report - Report for 2008 on the Adams County Safe School/Healthy Students Initiative, part of the Adams County Youth Initiative.

    A Report on Gender and the Dropout Problem in Colorado Schools - A report on research concerning the differences in school dropout rates based on gender in Colorado schools.

    Addressing Truancy in Non-subpoenaed Schools in Duval County Public Schools (Jacksonville, FL): Effectiveness of the Intervention Team Process - This document examines the Attendance Intervention Team process in Duval County, FL schools that are not bound by the State Attorney's office to conduct them.

    Advancing the - Reports on research conducted by Johns Hopkins University and underscores the importance of preventing course failures, particularly in middle school and ninth grade.

    After School Programming: A Pressing Need and A Public Policy - Contains extensive discussion of the importance of after schools programs. Discusses the many facets of programs including components, benefits, models, policy implications and misconceptions.

    Assessing the Prevalence of Truancy: A Four Piece Puzzle - This paper documents the recent debates about defining graduation and dropout rates and how it applies to defining a truancy rate.

    Blueprints for Violence Prevention Programs That Reduce Truancy and/or Improve School Attendance - This report describes Blueprints for Violence Prevention programs that address truancy, school attendance, and/or student achievement concerns, and the evaluation studies that have tracked these programs’ outcomes.

    Book Review - Dropouts in America - This is a review of the book: "Dropouts in America: Confronting the Graduation Rate Crises." The book is a collection of essays dealing with the topic of school dropouts.

    Colorado Educators Study Homeless and Highly Mobile Students - A book documenting the work of Colorado Participatory Action Research teams (COPAR) during the 2003-2004 school year. Each chapter is written by school teams that participated in a yearlong professional development opportunity focused on homelessness and high mobility issues.

    Colorado Educators Study Homeless and Highly Mobile Students - Introduction & Table of Contents - Table of Contents, Forward and Introduction for the final 2003-2004 report on the Web-Based Professional Development project studying homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Colorado Educators Study Homeless and Highly Mobile Students - Part 1: Access to Educational Services - Part 1 of the final 2003-2004 report on the Web-Based Professional Development project studying homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Colorado Educators Study Homeless and Highly Mobile Students - Part 2: Welcoming School Culture - Part 2 of the final 2003-2004 report on the Web-Based Professional Development project studying homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Colorado Educators Study Homeless and Highly Mobile Students - Part 3: Flexible Instructional Strategies - Part 3 of the final 2003-2004 report on the Web-Based Professional Development project studying homeless and highly mobile youth.

    Colorado Educators Study Homeless and Highly Mobile Students - Part 4: Chapters 8, 9 10 and 11 - Part 4 of the final 2003-2004 report on the Web-Based Professional Development project studying homeless and highly mobile youth. Focus is on Access to Educational Services, Welcoming School Culture and Flexible Instructional Strategies

    Comprehensive Truancy Intervention Spells Success for Jacksonville, Florida Students - An overview of program strategies in Jacksonville, Florida and their results. This is a "Success Story of the Month."

    Final Evaluation Report: Gulfton Truancy Reduction Demonstration Project, Houston, TX - This is the final quantitative report for the Houston Demonstration Truancy Program funded by OJJDP.

    Gender Differences Among Truant Youth - Discusses data and observations from the field on gender differences in truant youth. Includes a recommendations section with gender-specific practices for helping youth improve attendance and attachment to school. Written in July 2005.

    Hawaii's Project PACT: Partnering to Assess and Counteract Truancy, Program and Student Success Stories - This is a document describing the truancy reduction program in Hawaii. It gives two concrete examples of program success. One focuses on the process of implementing a program change, and one examines a specific instance of working with a single mother.

    Highlighting One City's Struggle with Truancy and Drop Out: A Synopsis of a Weeklong - This document gives a synopsis of a series of articles in the "Rocky Mountain News". Contains links to the articles and other relevant web sites.

    Innovations in Truancy Prevention Practice: An Inventory of Selected Collaborations from around the United States - This is an extensive report of court-led truancy programs based on interviews with professionals around the country.

    Investigating Peer Victimization in Schools - A set of quantitative and qualitative studies of the connections among peer victimization, school engagement, truancy, school achievement, and other outcomes.

    Jacksonville Florida Case Study: Evidence of Effectiveness in Reducing Truancy - This is an evaluation of the effectiveness of the OJJDP funded truancy reduction program in Jacksonville, Florida. We evaluated cost and outcome effectiveness of several program components.

    Jacksonville, FL: Evidence of Effectiveness in the Early Years of the Truancy Arbitration Program - This article is the evaluation of the Trauncy Arbitration Program between the years 1995-2000.

    Jacksonville: How Do Students with Excused Absences Compare to Students with Unexcused Absences - This document explores the relationship between school success indicators and unexcused versus excused absences in Jacksonville, FL.

    Juvenile Detention for Colorado Truants: Exploring the Issues - This is an exploratory study involving a small sample of 30 youth who were sentenced to time in juvenile detention in Colorado for violating a court order to attend school. It discusses the challenges faced by these youth at school and at home, as well as their involvement with juvenile justice and their academic accomplishments and aspirations.

    King County, Washington Successfully Reduces Unexcused Absences - This is the evaluation report of King County, Washington's truancy reduction program.

    Law Enforcement and School Partnership as a Solution to Truancy: Recommendations from Gulfton’s Truancy Reduction Program - This paper is reflects the opinions of the case manager in Houston on the role law enforcement can play in truancy reduction programs.

    Merrill Middle School: School Engagement and Staff Attendance Efforts for School Year 2005 - 2006 - This article reflects a snapshot of a Denver based middle school in terms of the three A's and staff attendance efforts.

    OJJDP Evaluation Model - Contains an outline of goals & objectives used by the Colorado Foundation for Families & Children which were created by OJJDP.

    Peer Victimization in Schools: (Executive Summary) - Executive Summary of Peer Victimization in Schools: A set of Quantitative and Qualitative Studies

    Peer Victimization in Schools: A set of Qualitative and Quantitative Studies - This report provides great detail on how these recommendations and conclusions were reached. The literature review is timely and extensive to help program designers and researchers alike. The quantitative study using Structural Equation Modeling provides evidence among the key factors that point to the power of engagement for victims of bullying, and the lack of causative relationships between bullying and truancy. The qualitative studies look at different perspectives on the problem to help explain some of the “whys” behind the quantitative data and the findings reported in the literature.

    Pieces of the Truancy Jigsaw: A Literature Review - Pieces of the Truancy Jigsaw reviews the literature on the causes and consequences of truancy, and the lessons we have learned so far about how to correct the problem. An extensive bibliography is included.

    Quantifying School Engagement: Research Report - This research report examines the validity and reliability of the NCSE School Engagement Survey.

    Re-Engaging Youth in School: Evaluation of the Truancy Demonstration Project - This document contains data from the seven Office Of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Truancy Reduction sites as captured by the NCSE TRAIN database. Aggregate and site specific results are provided.

    Saving Money, Saving Youth - This report analyzes three truancy reduction programs in Colorado. Tables illustrate the costs of the programs, versus the long term saving and benefits when students remain in and complete high school.

    School Dropouts in Rural Colorado - A study of rural school dropouts in Colorado.

    The Cost and Benefits of Three Intensive Interventions with Colorado Truants - A more extensive version of "Saving Money, Saving Youth," this report includes a complete methodology section and more extensive program descriptions of the three evaluated truancy reduction programs. Detailed outcome data and imput measures are included.

    The Development of Charter Schools in Colorado - Discusses many aspects of charter schools including: their importance, start-up challenges, development phases, first year issues and second generation issues.

    The Legal and Economic Implications of Truancy: Executive Summary - A summary of a larger document, available from the National Dropout Prevention Center at Clemson University. It reviews variations in school attendance law, and discusses the legal and economic implications of truancy for youth and their families, schools, courts, law enforcement, business and the community.

    The Story Behind the Numbers: A Qualitative Evaluation of the Houston, TX Truancy Reduction Demonstration Program - Houston, TX uses a two-pronged approach to truancy: police "Knock and Talks" and case management. To evaluate the effectivess of this combined program, interviews and focus groups were held with staff, parents and students. This paper presents the results of these inquiries.

    The Story Behind the Numbers: A Qualitative Evaluation of the Jacksonville, FL Truancy Reduction Demonstration Project - Document contains focus group and interview results of the Jacksonville truancy reduction effort.

    The Story Behind the Numbers: A Qualitative Study of the Seattle, WA Truancy Reduction Demonstration Program - Document contains focus groups and interview results of the Seattle, WA truancy reduction program.

    The Truancy and Gang Connection: Reflections from the Mayor's Anti Gang Office in Houston, TX - This paper is based on the experiences of the author working in the Gulfton neighborhood in Houston, TX. The challenges and solutions in working with gang members are discussed.

    Transforming The High School Experience - A rigorous study done by MDRC on the New York City Schools

    Transitions to and from Elementary, Middle, and High School - The Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA asked several of the school districts they work with what they had in place to assist students as they moved from one level of schooling to the next. This is how the districts replied. Some great ideas for transition programs and activities are included in this document.

    Truancy In Denver: Prevalence, Effects and Interventions - Needs Assessment: This comprehensive report describes a multi-system, mixed method needs assesment of truancy in Denver.

    Truancy Interventions Pay Off in Jacksonville Florida: - Two components of the Jacksonville truancy reduction program were selected for cost benefit analysis: case management and Attendance Intervention Team Meetings. Given the high cost of school failure and the relatively low cost of these interventions, both endeavors are likely to be excellent uses of resources. Based on short-term success rates, returns on the investments in these programs are extremely high.

    What Counts: Measuring Indicators of Family Well-being - This study identifies 16 primary indicators of family well-being, one of which is parental involvement in children's education. Includes a review of 36 reports and research studies on families.

    What Happens When a State Takes Action on Truancy? A State of Washington Case Brief - This article highlights the positive trends the state of Washington has achieved in reducing truancy. The state’s focus on truancy was sparked in the mid-1990s following the tragic death of a truant girl. The legislation passed a comprehensive state law named for the child, “The Becca Bill.”

    What Research Says About Family-School-Community Partnerships - This document offers a review of relevant research on Family-School-Community partnerships based on Epstein's model of "Six Types of Involvement." The Colorado Dept. of Education Prevention Initiatives utilizes this model to help schools take a comprehensive approach to meaningful parent and community involvement. Also featured are examples of activities and approaches implemented in Colorado's school to increase parental involvement and community partnerships.

    Working with Highly Mobile, Immigrant Students in Houston, TX - This article is based on the experience of the author working in the Gulfton neighborhood in Houston, Texas. The challenges of fighting truancy along with the demographics of the neighborhood are discussed.

    Youth Out of School: Linking Absence to Delinquency - This is an extensive report linking delinquency, truancy, suspension, expulsion, and dropping out of school. It includes information about promising strategies and interventions, as well as many charts and graphs along with a bibliography.

    Resources and Tools

    NCSE Student Survey - Student questionaire developed to measure student engagement.

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